美政要接連訪台 彭博:迫使拜登測試北京紅線

繼美國眾議院議長佩洛西訪台後,美國聯邦參議院外交委員會亞太小組主席馬基(Ed Markey)8月14日晚率團抵達台灣訪問。彭博社的分析指出,美國國會動作的目的在迫使拜登政府測試北京當局的紅線,無論拜登願不願意。

據中央社報導,美國在台協會宣布,民主黨籍的馬基14日至15日率領國會跨黨派代表團訪問台灣,成員包括加勒曼帝(John Garamendi)、魯文索(Alan Lowenthal)、貝耶(Don Beyer)等3位民主黨籍眾議員,以及共和黨籍眾議員羅德薇(Aumua Amata Coleman Radewagen)。

訪團15日晉見台灣總統蔡英文,接受外交部長吳釗燮款宴,同時拜會立法院外交及國防委員會,雙方將就台美安全與經貿關係等議題廣泛交換意見。

蔡英文接見馬基率領的美國國會訪台團時指出,台灣希望和共享民主價值的國際友人深化經貿合作,共同打造更安全的供應鏈;她並盼能和美國簽署「避免雙重課稅協定」(ADTA),共同為台美雙方創造更多利基。

馬基致詞時表示,在這個充滿不確定性的時候,必須要更加努力確保台灣的和平及穩定;他認為,在因應這個最大挑戰的時刻,台灣展現了不可置信的自制力及審慎。 

馬基訪台期間,共軍東部戰區15日宣布,在台灣周邊海空域組織多軍兵種聯合戰備警巡。

中國國防部新聞發言人吳謙指,馬基率團訪台是違反「一個中國」原則和中美三個聯合公報規定。解放軍東部戰區在台島周邊海空域組織多軍兵種聯合戰備警巡和實戰化演練,就是對美台「勾連挑釁」的堅決回擊和嚴正震懾。

陸委會15日表示,對中方的軍演挑釁及無理批判表達強烈抗議,台灣及國際社會不會屈從於此種威脅。

《紐約時報》援引華府智庫「德國馬歇爾基金會」亞洲計劃主任葛來儀表示,這次訪問顯然是數個月前就計劃好的,「許多國會議員想訪台以展現美國的支持」。她還說,「預計另一個國會代表團將在月底前訪台」。

彭博社報導,根據台灣政府的聲明稿以及美國國會的差旅紀錄,過去10年來,至少已經有149名美國聯邦參議員和眾議員訪台。

與此同時,美國國會議員已經提出或通過多宗強化對台關係法案,其中包括台灣政策法案(Taiwan Policy Act)。這部法案將正式賦予台灣「主要非北約盟友」(major non-NATO ally)地位。

拜登政府力圖修改法案內容,並警告這部法案恐破壞美國長久以來秉持的「一中」政策。

報導稱,國會議員更強硬的作法可能讓拜登只剩下一個選擇,那就是他被國會山莊看輕,還是被北京當局看輕。舉例來說,裴洛西訪台逼得拜登向習近平解釋,為什麼他連自家黨內的議員都管不住。

報道援引台灣立法委員王定宇表示:「由於佩洛西訪台的關係,未來會有更多其他國家更高階官員訪台。這是外交前例。而這正是習近平所憂心的。」

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